Monday, 3 December 2012


 5-Hour Energy Drinks Cited in 13 Deaths

The federal government and the New York Attorney General's office are investigating after the Food and Drug Administration received claims that the drink 5-Hour Energy may have led to 13 deaths and 33 hospitalizations over the past four years.
The popular energy shot – which comes in 2 oz. packages and packs a powerful caffeine punch, equal to two cups of coffee -- led the way in this new and growing energy drink segment over the past eight years. Now government officials are investigating whether the product, made by Michigan-based Living Essentials, does much more.
"If someone is to use multiple cans, now is when we start to see some of the side effects," Dr. Sean Patrick Nord, USC Director of the Section of Toxicology, told ABC News. "You're getting astronomical amounts, 30 to 40 cups of coffee."

The recent FDA filings mark the second time in a month the administration has confirmed it is investigating claims that energy drinks are causing fatal reactions. In October, Monster energy, another popular drink that contains even more caffeine, was allegedly linked to five deaths.
The manufacturers point out that these are just claims, and there is no proven link between the drinks and the deaths.
In a statement overnight, 5-hour Energy said the product is "intended for busy adults." The company says its compact product contains "about as much caffeine as a cup of the leading premium coffee."
During an interview this September, Manoj Bhargava, the founder and CEO of 5-Hour Energy, told ABC News "Nightline" that when used as directed, the caffeine in his product doesn't do any harm.
"It's overblown. When it's in small quantities … It's like this -- water is good, but if you have too much you drown," he said.
Most experts say the fatal dose of caffeine for an adult would be almost impossible to drink – actually 50 to 60 times of what is contained in an energy drink. But critics worry about children with underlying heart problems drinking them, and are warning that energy drinks may be more hazardous than coffee because of the temperature.

5 Hour Energy Nutritional Facts

Apr 22, 2011 | By Dan Harriman
The energy drink 5-hour Energy has a formula designed to help you stay energized. Through a blend of ingredients, the drink aims to raise your energy and alertness levels without causing any jitters -- a side effect commonly associated with energy drinks. While 5-hour Energy promises to help you get through the day without feeling fatigued, researchers at the Mayo Clinic question the drink's effectiveness and nutritional value, and worry that its ingredients can cause side effects in the liver or kidneys.

Living Essentials, makers of 5-hour Energy, offers seven varieties of the energy drink, including pomegranate, grape, berry, lemon, orange, decaf and extra strength. The drinks are marketed toward a busy, hard-working audience who need extra energy to get through the day without feeling tired or sluggish. Every 5-hour Energy variety comes in a 1.93 fluid ounce bottle that contains four calories and no sugar. The decaf and extra strength varieties have a formula that differs from the original formula.

Ingredients in the original formula products include 30 mg of niacin, 40 mg of vitamin B-6, 400 mcg of folic acid, 500 mcg of vitamin B-12, 18 g of sodium, and an energy blend that contains taurine, glucuronic acid, malic acid, N-Acetyl, L-Tyrosine, L-Phenylalanine, caffeine and citicoline. The daily value percentages for the B vitamins, niacin and folic acid are extremely high, ranging from 100 percent to 2,000 percent, but are not considered to be at a toxic level, a Mayo Clinic expert told CNN. No nutritional values exist for the energy blend in 5-hour energy, but there is approximately as much caffeine in one 5-hour Energy shot as there is one cup of coffee.
Other Ingredients

Other ingredients in one 5-hour Energy shot that do not play a factor in the drink's energizing effects include purified water, natural and artificial flavors, sucralose, potassium sorbate, sodium benzonate and EDTA, or Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, to help keep the product fresh. The decaf variety does not contain any niacin, while the extra strength variety contains 40 mg of niacin

If you try a 5-hour Energy shot for the first time, drink only half of the bottle to gauge your body's reaction. A potential side effect is a "niacin flush" reaction from the high vitamin B-3 amount. A niacin flush can consist of a hot, prickly feeling on the skin and skin redness. The reaction should last only a few minutes, according to Living Essentials. The 5-hour Energy website warns to not take the energy drink if you are pregnant or nursing, or under the age of 12. You should speak to your doctor before drinking 5-hour Energy if you are taking medication or have a medical condition.
References; Small Drinks Promise Big Energy, but Experts Say Effects Unclear; Danielle Dellorto; July 2009
    5-hour Energy: How to Use 5-Hour Energy Shots
    5-hour Energy: 5-Hour Energy Ingredients & Safety

Article reviewed by GlennK Last updated on: Apr 22, 2011

Is 5-hour Energy safe in Pregnancy?

A sharp-eyed BuckMD reader read our original post on 5-Hour Energy and sent us the following note:
If 5-Hour Energy drinks are no more harmful than coffee, what are the risks of drinking less than a bottle daily during pregnancy?  I have read your site and found nothing specific on risks/side effects during pregnancy.  Are there any risks to the baby?
Good question.  The short answer comes straight from the horse's mouth.  From the 5-Hour Energy website:
Who should not take 5-hour ENERGY®?
  • Women who are pregnant or nursing.
  • Children under 12 years of age.
  • People diagnosed with phenylketonuria (PKU)
So even though (or more accurately, because) the 5-Hour Energy folks have never had to concern themselves with ensuring that any of the ingredients in their product are safe or actually do anything, they draw the line at selling it to people who are pregnant. 

Like we said in our last post, despite 5-Hour Energy's promotion of its B Vitamins and medical-yet-natural sounding "energy blend," the only thing in it that has ever been proven to improve mental alertness is caffeine.  So the question really is, "is caffeine safe in pregnancy?"  And the answer to that question is... maybe.
Some studies have reported an association between caffeine intake and adverse pregnancy outcomes while others haven't.  These studies are inconsistent because it's very difficult to control for all the factors that affect a pregnancy, not to mention accurately measure how much caffeine research participants really consumed.  The best we can say is that women who are pregnant or trying to become so should probably limit caffeine consumption to less than 200 to 300 mg per day to reduce their risk of possible adverse reproductive effects
The problem is that because 5-Hour Energy is sold as a supplement and not a medication, the company is not required to disclose their products' caffeine content.  All it says on its website is that it "contains about as much caffeine as a cup of premium coffee."  So what does that mean?  According to Energy Fiend, a 12oz Starbucks coffee has 260mg of caffeine while a 10oz Tim Horton's coffee has 100mg.  So sometimes a cup is more than a cup.
What about the excess of B Vitamins in 5-Hour Energy?  Are they safe in pregnancy?
A can of 5-Hour Energy contains 30mg of B3 (Niacin), 40mg of B6 and 500mcg of B12.  The recommended daily allowance of these vitamins in pregnancy is 18mg of B3, 1.9mg of B6 and 2.6mcg of B12, so one can of 5-Hour Energy gives you way more than you need, especially since you're more than likely getting enough from your diet anyway.  In general, B Vitamins aren't dangerous in large amounts because they're water soluble - once your body has enough, the extra is just excreted in your urine - so other than making your pee more expensive, 5-Hour Energy is unlikely to be dangerous.  However, an excess of Vitamin B3 (Niacin) can produce an uncomfortable flushing sensation.  
When in doubt, talk to your health care provider about anything you're putting into your body when you're pregnant or nursing.  If you are a student at Ohio State and have questions about pregnancy planning or other issues related to your reproductive health, you can make an appointment with our women's services department; they are always happy to help you. 
John A. Vaughn, MD Student Health Services The Ohio State University

More Deaths, Illness Linked to Energy Drinks

By WebMD Health News Reviewed by Louise Chang, MD
Nov. 16, 2012 -- The FDA has posted adverse-event reports for two more energy drinks: 40 illnesses and five deaths linked to Monster Energy, and 13 illnesses and two lasting disabilities linked to Rockstar Energy.
The new reports follow this week's revelation of FDA reports linking 92 illnesses and 13 deaths to 5-Hour Energy shots. The FDA previously said it was investigating the deaths linked to 

Monster Energy.
These adverse-event reports (AERs) are filed by patients, families, or doctors. They simply warn that the products might have harmed someone -- but they do not prove that the product caused harm. The FDA can remove a product from the market only when investigation shows that the product causes harm when used according to the product label.
"If we find a relationship between consumption of the product and harm, FDA will take appropriate action to reduce or eliminate the risk,"  FDA public information officer Shelly Burgess says.

Moreover, the reports do not offer details on any underlying medical conditions that may have led to product-related illnesses.
The reports, some dating back to 2004, are not a complete inventory of all events that product users may have suffered. Most people, and many doctors, do not know how to file these reports or do not get around to filing them. And even when a product actually causes an illness, a user or doctor may not associate the product with the illness.
The new reports detail the events suffered by users of 5-Hour, Monster, and Rockstar energy drinks. These include:

  • Deaths due to heart attack or suicide linked to 5-Hour Energy
  • A miscarriage linked to 5-Hour Energy
  • Convulsions, life-threatening fear, deafness, and hemorrhage linked to 5-Hour Energy
  • Deaths due to heart attack or loss of consciousness linked to Monster Energy drink
  • Hospitalization due to irregular heartbeat, severe diarrhea, migraine, psychotic disorder, heart attack, and/or vomiting linked to Monster Energy drink
  • Disability from irregular heartbeat or stroke linked to Rockstar Energy drink
  • Hospitalization due to psychotic disorder, increased heart rate, or loss of consciousness linked to Rockstar Energy drink
All of these reports are collected by the product manufacturers. Because they market their products as nutritional supplements, they are required to submit them to the FDA.
A recent government report documented a sharp spike in the number of people who need emergency medical care after consuming energy drinks.
Living Essentials, the maker of 5-Hour Energy, said in a statement that the company "takes reports of any potential adverse event tied to our products very seriously."
But the company maintains that its products are safe when used as directed. Rockstar and Monster Energy did not respond to interview requests by publication time.

Caffeine Levels in Energy Drinks

Caffeine is the main active ingredient in energy drinks, most of which also contain herbal supplements.
A recent test by Consumer Reports found that:
  • 5-Hour Energy contains 215 milligrams of caffeine per serving.
  • 5-Hour Energy Extra Strength contains 242 milligrams of caffeine per serving.
  • Monster Energy contains 92 milligrams of caffeine per serving.
  • Rockstar Energy Drink, Double Strength contains 80 milligrams of caffeine per serving.
  • Rockstar Energy Shot contains 229 milligrams of caffeine per serving.
An 8-ounce cup of coffee has about 100 milligrams of caffeine, although that varies according to how the coffee is brewed. For example, Consumer Reports finds that 8 ounces of Starbucks coffee has 165 milligrams of caffeine.
According to Consumer Reports, safe limits of caffeine are up to 400 milligrams per day for healthy adults, 200 milligrams a day for pregnant women, and up to 45 or 85 milligrams per day for children, depending on weight.
High doses of caffeine can result in restlessness, nervousness, insomnia, and tremors. High doses can also trigger seizures and unstable heart rhythm.

The 5 Hour Energy Scam And The Power Of Self-Deception

“We asked over 3,000 doctors to review 5 Hour Energy, and what they said is amazing.  Over 73% who reviewed 5 Hour Energy said they would recommend a low-calorie energy supplement to their healthy patients who use energy supplements.”
The first time I saw this commercial, I had to double check to see if it was a Saturday Night Live skit.  But alas, it wasn’t.
Yes, they asked “over 3,000 doctors.”  According to the fine print, they actually asked 5,000 in person and only half of them agreed to review the drink, and by review the drink, they clarify that they agreed to read the ingredients and their associated descriptions.  An additional 503 doctors responded to an online survey, but they don’t tell us how many they asked to respond online.
73% of the docs who actually reviewed the stuff recommended a low-calorie energy supplement—not 5 Hour Energy, specifically, just a low-calorie energy supplement.  But this “recommendation” was still further qualified; they recommended the low-calorie supplement only to their healthy patients who actually use energy supplements.
What do we really learn, then, from this not-so-highly scientific study?
For those statistical anomalies who can somehow be deemed “healthy,” even though they require a regular chemical boost merely to survive the day, 73% of the doctors who didn’t blow this study off as an absurd waste of time recommend that you use an energy supplement that won’t also make you fat, accelerating your already rapid pace to an early grave.
My first inclination was to be offended that 5 Hour Energy thinks there are enough people dull enough to be manipulated by the lady with the perma-smile sitting next to a bunch of fake documents, but then it hit me—they’re not trying to get non-users to take 5 Hour Energy.  They’re trying to help existing users perpetuate their own ruse of self-deception.
Self-deception is more powerful than coercion, because we’re more inclined to believe the stories we tell ourselves (both true and untrue) than the convictions of others.  So the most effective external manipulation is that which supports what we’d already prefer to believe.  I know my body does not naturally require the daily infusion of 5 Hour Energy if I actually get enough sleep and exercise—but I’d rather not, so I’ll buy your story about the 73% of doctors.
What stories are you buying regarding your health, marriage or other relationships, work or finances that are rooted in self-deception?  And what forces may be seeking to perpetuate that self-deception?

Can Energy Drinks Damage Your Kidneys?
Aug 18, 2011 | By Joe King, M.S.
Energy drinks are any beverage that is promoted to increase energy, alertness or athletic performance. While some of the ingredients in most energy drinks may indeed increase your energy levels, these same ingredients can also be harmful to your kidneys, especially if you are consuming them in large quantities. The main energy-producing ingredients in many energy drinks are taurine, caffeine and sugar. Talk to your doctor about energy drinks and these ingredients before drinking them, especially if you suffer from weak or damaged kidneys.


Taurine is an amino acid found in high quantities naturally throughout your body and is needed for many different bodily functions. Taurine is often included in energy drinks due to its potential energy-producing effect, even though there is limited scientific evidence to support this rationale, according to a 2002 study published in the "Oxford Journal of Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation." In this study, researchers found that taurine in energy drinks can accelerate kidney damage in patients who suffer from kidney disease.


Caffeine is the most widely used ingredient in the majority of energy drinks because it has been scientifically shown to stimulate energy and increase mental alertness and athletic performance, according to the book, " Essentials of Sports Nutrition and Supplements." Energy drinks can cause a caffeine overdose because some energy drinks may contain as much as three times the amount of caffeine found in soda, according to an article in "The Clinical Advisor." Long-term supplementation with caffeine can cause kidney damage and renal system failure.


Sugar, usually in the form of dextrose, is one of the primary ingredients of many energy drinks. A high intake of simple sugars, such as dextrose, can cause wild swings in your blood sugar levels. This not only places stress on your pancreas, which produces the insulin hormone, but it also places stress on your kidneys. Your kidneys are responsible for not only filtering out toxins in your blood stream, but excess water as well. Dextrose promotes water retention, which makes it difficult for your kidneys to function optimally.

Energy drinks should never be consumed by children or adolescents due to the potential risk of a variety of side effects, the American Academy of Pediatrics states. While the Food and Drug Administration has yet to offer any specific guidelines for energy drink consumption, states that they can be acceptable, but only when used in moderation. Always talk to your doctor first before using energy drinks to boost energy.

    "Essentials of Sports Nutrition and Supplements"; Jose Antonio, Douglass Kalman, Jeffrey R. Stout, and Mike Greenwood; 2008
    "Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation"; Accumulation of Taurine in Patients with Renal Failure; M.E. Suliman et al.; 2002
    "The Clinical Advisor"; Energy Drinks May Cause Caffeine Overdose, Drug Interactions; Nicole Blazek; February 2011
    Medscape Today News; AAP Guidelines Nix Energy Drinks for Children, Teens; Laurie Barclay; May 2011
    Mayo Clinic; Can Energy Drinks Really Boost a Person's Energy?; Katherine Zeratsky

Article reviewed by Jenna Marie Last updated on: Aug 18, 2011

More Deaths, Illness Linked to Energy Drinks

By WebMD Health News Reviewed by Louise Chang, MD
Nov. 16, 2012 -- The FDA has posted adverse-event reports for two more energy drinks: 40 illnesses and five deaths linked to Monster Energy, and 13 illnesses and two lasting disabilities linked to Rockstar Energy.
The new reports follow this week's revelation of FDA reports linking 92 illnesses and 13 deaths to 5-Hour Energy shots. The FDA previously said it was investigating the deaths linked to 

Monster Energy.
These adverse-event reports (AERs) are filed by patients, families, or doctors. They simply warn that the products might have harmed someone -- but they do not prove that the product caused harm. The FDA can remove a product from the market only when investigation shows that the product causes harm when used according to the product label.
"If we find a relationship between consumption of the product and harm, FDA will take appropriate action to reduce or eliminate the risk,"  FDA public information officer Shelly Burgess says.

Moreover, the reports do not offer details on any underlying medical conditions that may have led to product-related illnesses.
The reports, some dating back to 2004, are not a complete inventory of all events that product users may have suffered. Most people, and many doctors, do not know how to file these reports or do not get around to filing them. And even when a product actually causes an illness, a user or doctor may not associate the product with the illness.
The new reports detail the events suffered by users of 5-Hour, Monster, and Rockstar energy drinks. These include:

  • Deaths due to heart attack or suicide linked to 5-Hour Energy
  • A miscarriage linked to 5-Hour Energy
  • Convulsions, life-threatening fear, deafness, and hemorrhage linked to 5-Hour Energy
  • Deaths due to heart attack or loss of consciousness linked to Monster Energy drink
  • Hospitalization due to irregular heartbeat, severe diarrhea, migraine, psychotic disorder, heart attack, and/or vomiting linked to Monster Energy drink
  • Disability from irregular heartbeat or stroke linked to Rockstar Energy drink
  • Hospitalization due to psychotic disorder, increased heart rate, or loss of consciousness linked to Rockstar Energy drink
All of these reports are collected by the product manufacturers. Because they market their products as nutritional supplements, they are required to submit them to the FDA.
A recent government report documented a sharp spike in the number of people who need emergency medical care after consuming energy drinks.
Living Essentials, the maker of 5-Hour Energy, said in a statement that the company "takes reports of any potential adverse event tied to our products very seriously."
But the company maintains that its products are safe when used as directed. Rockstar and Monster Energy did not respond to interview requests by publication time.

Caffeine Levels in Energy Drinks

Caffeine is the main active ingredient in energy drinks, most of which also contain herbal supplements.
A recent test by Consumer Reports found that:

  • 5-Hour Energy contains 215 milligrams of caffeine per serving.
  • 5-Hour Energy Extra Strength contains 242 milligrams of caffeine per serving.
  • Monster Energy contains 92 milligrams of caffeine per serving.
  • Rockstar Energy Drink, Double Strength contains 80 milligrams of caffeine per serving.
  • Rockstar Energy Shot contains 229 milligrams of caffeine per serving.
An 8-ounce cup of coffee has about 100 milligrams of caffeine, although that varies according to how the coffee is brewed. For example, Consumer Reports finds that 8 ounces of Starbucks coffee has 165 milligrams of caffeine.
According to Consumer Reports, safe limits of caffeine are up to 400 milligrams per day for healthy adults, 200 milligrams a day for pregnant women, and up to 45 or 85 milligrams per day for children, depending on weight.
High doses of caffeine can result in restlessness, nervousness, insomnia, and tremors. High doses can also trigger seizures and unstable heart rhythm.




Is Your Energy Drink Turning You Into a Woman?

mfHere’s a short quiz for all the male energy drink addicts out there.
  1. Have you noticed the growth of man boobs since drinking energy drinks?
  2. Has your  shaving strangely cut down to once a month?
  3. Can you sing along with Michael when you hear song “Billy Jean”?
  4. Do you cry for no reason and then the next minute giggle like a school girl?
  5. Have you experienced unexplained shrinkage?
If you answered yes to any of the above questions, your beloved Energy Drinks could be turning you into a woman. Now don’t get me wrong, women are great and all, but most guys don’t want to become one, right?
Well it appears Energy Drinks are testing positive for  the chemical, Bisphenol A, which mimics the hormone estrogen. This chemical is often used to line the inside of cans and new testing performed  in Canada showed alarming levels of this chemical in the drinks themselves.
This chemical is known to cause birth defects, but it is unclear if it really causes damage in adults. However, it’s something to be aware of and guys if you have any of the above symptoms you may want to have your hormone levels checked!
Energy Drinks like Red Bull Harmful for Health

Energy Drinks
Energy Drinks
According to a study, reported in Mayo Clinic Proceedings, whose abstract is listed below, suggests that Energy Drinks are taken by the “weakened warriors” and “by those seeking an edge in an endurance event” are harmful to health. These energy drinks contain excess amount of sugar and caffeine and can make the user dehydrated.
Researchers from the University of Texas Medical School, Houston also warned that users who mixed drinks with alcohol also faced increased heart rates and blood pressure and mental problems.
Energy drinks are soft drinks advertised as boosting energy. These drinks usually do not emphasize that the energy is derived from the sugars that the drink contains, but rather through a choice of stimulants, vitamins, and herbal supplements the manufacturer has combined.
Generally, energy drinks include methylxanthines(including caffeine), vitamin B and herbs. Other common ingredients are guarna, acai, and taurine, plus various forms of ginseng, maltodextrin, carbonated water, inositol, carnitine, creatinine, glucuronolactone and gingo biloba. Some contain high levels of sugar, and many brands also offer artificially-sweetened ‘diet’ versions. The central ingredient in most energy drinks is caffiene, the same stimulant found in coffee or tea, often in the form of guarana or yerba mate.

Countries including Norway, Denmark and France have banned Red Bull after one study showed rats that “were fed taurine and exhibited bizarre behaviour, including anxiety and self-mutilation”.

Exercise is making a resurgence in many countries, given its benefits for fitness as well as prevention of obesity. This trend has spawned many supplements that purport to aid performance, muscle growth, and recovery. Initially, sports drinks were developed to provide electrolyte and carbohydrate replacement. Subsequently, energy beverages (EBs) containing stimulants and additives have appeared in most gyms and grocery stores and are being used increasingly by “weekend warriors” and those seeking an edge in an endurance event. Long-term exposure to the various components of EBs may result in significant alterations in the cardiovascular system, and the safety of EBs has not been fully established. For this review, we searched the MEDLINE and EMBASE databases from 1976 through May 2010, using the following keywords: energy beverage, energy drink, power drink, exercise, caffeine, red bull, bitter orange, glucose, ginseng, guarana, and taurine. Evidence regarding the effects of EBs is summarized, and practical recommendations are made to help in answering the patient who asks, “Is it safe for me to drink an energy beverage when I exercise?”
The researchers reviewed medical literature on energy drinks and their ingredients between 1976 and 2010.
They found that the caffeine content of energy drinks ranged from 70 to 200 mg per 16-oz serving. By comparison, an 8-oz cup of coffee could contain between 40 to 150 mg of caffeine.
Dr Higgins, the lead researcher, said that by not publishing ingredients added to the problem.
“Manufacturers can put whatever in them, advertise however and people consume however. Whenever you have a situation like this, you are going to run into problems,” he said.
Non-athletes should drink no more than one a day, never mix them with alcohol, and drink lots of water after exercising.
People with hypertension should never drink them, and people with health conditions such as heart disease should consult their doctors before using the drinks, he said.

SEE ALSO Energy drink caffeine levels often stray from labels

NEWS FOX Published October 25, 2012

Energy drinks do not always divulge how much caffeine they contain, and when an amount is listed on a label, it is not always accurate, Consumer Reports magazine has found.

According to a study released on Thursday by the magazine, 11 of the 27 top-selling energy drinks in the United States do not specify the amount of caffeine in their beverages.

Of the 16 drinks that did list a specific caffeine amount, five had more caffeine per serving than was listed and the average amount over was more than 20 percent.

The study comes fast on the heels of news that U.S. health regulators are investigating reports of five deaths that may be associated with Monster Beverage Corp's Monster Energy drink.

At the same time Monster, maker of the top-selling energy drink in the United States, is being sued by the family of a 14-year-old girl with a heart condition who died after drinking two Monster Energy drinks in a 24-hour period.

The lawsuit and reports of other deaths could escalate calls from critics including two U.S. senators and the New York attorney general about the safety of the beverages and the way they are marketed.

Caffeine level not required

Aside from companies not wanting to give away their secret recipes, Consumer Reports said there was another reason why some beverage labels do not reveal exact caffeine levels.

"There is no legal or commercial business requirement to do so," a Monster Beverage official told Consumer Reports. "And because our products are completely safe, and the actual numbers are not meaningful to most consumers."

Caffeine levels in the drinks tested ranged from about 6 milligrams per serving for 5-Hour Energy Decaf, made by Living Essentials, to 242 milligrams for 5-Hour Energy Extra Strength, the report found.

The drinks that Consumer Reports found that contained more caffeine than was listed on their labels included Arizona Energy, Clif Shot Turbo Energy Gel and Sambazon Organic Amazon Energy, as well as Dr Pepper Snapple Group Inc's Venom Energy and Nestle Jamba, sold by a partnership of Nestle and Jamba Inc.

One sample of its Archer Farms Energy Drink Juice Infused beverage had about 70 percent less caffeine than advertised, the report found. Archer Farms is the private label of retailer Target Corp.

None of the companies were immediately available to comment.


Are Energy Drinks Like Red Bull Good For You?    Posted by on November 10, 2012

We live in a world where it isn’t unusual to be running on just a few hours of sleep. This is because there are many demands put upon our daily lives. For example, you may have to work a 12-hour shift at work, spend another few hours in class and then come home to a screaming baby that won’t go to sleep. In that case, an energy drink may provide a much needed boost. However, is it safe for you?
The Key Is Always Moderation
Drinking a single energy drink is not going to hurt you. In fact, if you drink them in moderation, it isn’t much worse than drinking a daily cup of coffee. In both cases, you are getting an increased dose of caffeine that will help wake you up and get you going for the day.
However, you should try not to drink more than one or two a day at the very most. There is a lot of sugar and other chemicals that are put in the drinks to give you that energy boost. A single 12 ounce can of a typical energy drink has more sugar and caffeine than even the sugariest soda.
Drinking too many energy drinks can leave you jittery, hyperactive, and unable to sleep at night. Once the drink wears off, you are going to feel more lethargic than you did before. This means that you will have no choice but to grab another energy drink.
Never Mix Energy Drinks With Alcohol
In recent years, it has become popular to mix energy drinks with alcohol. While this creates the impression that you are more awake and less drunk, the truth is that it is just masking the impact of the drinks that you are consuming. Drinks such as Four Loko that were sold with alcohol in them have been banned in some states.
There is no way to lessen the impact that an alcoholic drink has on your body. Once it is in your system, the only way it leaves is by giving it time. Mixing a Red Bull with your drink is not going to help you drive home. In fact, it can actually make things worse for you.
If you don’t think that you are as drunk as you are, you will be tempted to drink even more. This can lead to alcohol poisoning and other negative consequences that are associated with excessive drinking. You could get into a car crash, say something you regret, or do something even worse.
Avoid Energy Drinks If You Have Heart Issues
When you drink something with sugar in it, your body gets a bolt of adrenaline. You are jolted awake and your nervous system starts working harder. This will ultimately put more stress on your heart to keep pumping blood to your body.
Most healthy people can handle pretty large doses of caffeine in their systems. However, doctors warn that those with health problems can see negative health effects from drinking too many energy drinks. In a worst case scenario, you could even die from drinking a single energy drink.
Again, healthy people will not die from consuming an energy drink. But, if you have any health issues at all, consult your doctor before drinking any sort of energy drink. You could be putting yourself in a world of danger that you don’t even know about.
Teenagers Should Stay Away From These Drinks
Teenagers should be highly discouraged from drinking energy drinks. The biggest reason is that teenagers need more sleep than other age groups. Energy drinks are a great way to lose sleep at night. This means that an average teenager could be grouchy, irritable and unable to perform well in school.
There may also be concentration issues during class. It is hard to sit still during a movie or lecture when you are shaking because you have ingested so much sugar. This can lead to discipline issues that could lead to other consequences in the future.
Teenagers are still developing physically. They don’t have mature immune systems and other body structures that can handle the extra sugar. While an adult can handle several energy drinks in a day, a teenager may not be able to. Parents should monitor what their children are drinking on a daily basis to make sure that they are safe. It should be noted that childhood obesity is caused partially by ingesting too much sugar.
A healthy adult will certainly be able to drink an energy drink without too many issues. However, teenagers and those with health issues should stay away from them at all costs. Keep in mind that healthy adults will still suffer from issues such as obesity, tooth issues due to the sugar as well as possible hyperactivity. Therefore, these drinks should be consumed in moderation and without any alcohol added. As with anything else, you have to be responsible for what you put in your body.

The Side Effects of a LiftOFF HERBALIFE Energy Drink
Jun 30, 2011 | By Tomas Linnaeus 

Energy drinks have exploded in popularity during the past 10 years. Most of these products include a proprietary blend of ingredients. Some drinks come in a beverage can, whereas others such as Liftoff come in a tablet form. According to the Herbalife website, Liftoff contains substances known to enhance mental performance and boost energy. While often effective, these ingredients can cause allergic reactions in some people. Speak with a licensed physician before consuming a large quantity of energy drinks.
Most energy drinks contain caffeine -- a substance known to increase performance and alertness. Ingesting this stimulant provides benefits to athletes in both individual and team sports, according to a December 2010 review in "Sports Medicine." Yet, caffeine can also cause side effects. An article published in the 2011 volume of the "Polish Heart Journal" describes some of these effects. Large doses can elevate blood pressure and cholesterol count. Pregnant women should also avoid the stimulant. It can have adverse effects on the growth and heart of the fetus.
The Paullinia cupana plant -- better known as guarana -- remains popular despite safety concerns. Guarana has a protective effect on your body as habitual users appear less likely to develop diabetic symptoms, according to a February 2011 report in "Phytotherapy Research." Many over-the-counter supplements adversely affect the kidneys. A case report presented in the March 2007 issue of "Orvosi Hetilap" suggests that long-term use of guarana leads to organ damage. Years of supplementation caused kidney failure in a 30-year-old female patient. This damage disappeared when the women stopped taking guarana.

Ginseng can slow the aging process and improve thinking, according to a December 2009 review in the "Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine." These benefits may come at a price as ginseng can also cause allergic reactions. A clinical trial described in the July 2004 edition of the "Annals of Medicine" discovered a potential drug interaction associated with ginseng use. Participants taking warfarin, a blood-thinning drug, also received ginseng for three weeks. Relative to baseline, ginseng significantly reduced the effectiveness of warfarin. This change could prove fatal in some cases.
Beverage makers often add the organic acid taurine to their energy drinks. This substance reduces fatigue and enhances performance, according to a February 2004 article in "Amino Acids." Taurine also helps the body process sugar. A study published in the 2011 volume of "Biomedical Research" showed that its antioxidant effects protect the body from diabetic damage. Yet, these beneficial effects can cause problems as well. A February 2002 report in "Platelets" indicates that taurine reduces blood coagulation by about 10 percent. This change could prevent wound healing in susceptible people.
The Ginkgo biloba tree provided traditional societies several medicines. Modern researchers have obtained documentation for some of these alleged effects. Ginkgo improves symptoms of dementia, according to a 2011 paper in "Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment." It might also relieve ear ringing in patients with hearing loss. Effective in the short-term, the long-term safety of ginkgo remains unknown. A review published in the January 2008 issue of the "Journal of Food Science" described several possible side effects of ginkgo. Most reactions are mild, but some can be severe. Doctors, for example, have observed near fatal cases of internal bleeding following extended ginkgo use.


Article reviewed by Tina Boyle Last updated on: Jun 30, 2011 

Side Effects of Herbal Life Products

Jul 20, 2010 | By Brian Willett

Herbal Life is a company that produces a wide range of nutrition products, from vitamin supplements and diet pills to protein snacks and digestive health supplements. While these supplements may be beneficial to your health, you should research the ingredients in each supplement to avoid possible side effects. Even if a product has positive reviews, your results may vary. Consult your doctor before using any Herbal Life supplements to discuss their safety and efficacy.

Hypotension: Cell-U-Loss
Cell-U-Loss is a supplement marketed by Herbal Life to help you decrease bodily fluid retention. This product contains a number of ingredients, most of them herbs. One herb in the Cell-U-Loss formula is hydrangea, which may cause hypotension, or low blood pressure, according to the Silberg Center for Dental Science. Hypotension is a condition that may cause fainting, shock and dizziness. The Silberg Center notes that hydrangea may be especially dangerous when used in conjunction with high blood pressure medication.

Cancer Risk: Total Control

Total Control is a weight management supplement that is intended to increase your metabolism, increase your energy levels, and promote healthy weight loss. Total Control is similar to many other weight loss supplements because it contains stimulants such as caffeine and yerba mate. According to Katherine Zeratsky, R.D., L.D., yerba mate may promote weight loss, but it also has a number of side effects--including increased cancer risk. According to Zeratsky, regular intake of yerba mate may increase your risk of cancers such as those of the lungs, mouth and esophagus. Zeratsky does note that the risk is probably small, however.

Difficulty Sleeping: LiftOff

LiftOff is an energy supplement produced by Herbal Life. This product comes in the form of a tablet that dissolves in water. LiftOff contains a number of stimulants to increase energy, but these ingredients may also cause side effects, including difficulty sleeping, or insomnia. Herbal Life LiftOff contains caffeine, a common stimulant that may cause sleeping problems, according to the University of Maryland Medical Clinic. In addition, LiftOff contains guarana, which the website explains may cause anxiety, nervousness and trouble sleeping. Due to these side effects, you should not take LiftOff within several hours of bed time.


    The Silberg Center for Dental Science: Herbal Medications
    Katherine Zeratsky, R.D., L.D.: Yerba Mate: Is It Safe To Drink?
    University of Maryland Medical Center: Caffeine In The Diet Guarana Side Effects

Article reviewed by GlennK Last updated on: Jul 20, 2010

Guarana tea is made from the berries of the guarana plant, a bush native to the Amazon river basin. Indigenous peoples of the Amazon rainforest have used guarana as an herbal medicine to treat many ailments, including headache. Like any health supplement, consult your doctor before taking guarana.
Guarana may be an effective short-term treatment for headaches, according to the University of Colorado Denver College of Pharmacy. However, guarana is not recommended for treatment of chronic headache, and should not be taken for more than seven days in a row, in order to reduce the risk of side effects such as nausea, anxiety, irritability and increased heart rate.

Guarana tea is often made by dissolving powered guarana berries in hot water. For optimal results, combine a half to 1 tsp. of powdered guarana with 8 oz. of hot water, recommends Alternatively, purified guarana supplements can be taken, at a dose of 200 to 800 mg, reports A Nurse's Guide to Herbal Remedies.
Active Ingredient 

The likely active ingredient in guarana tea responsible for the effect on headache is caffeine, explains the New York University Langone Medical Center. Although other related stimulants, including theobromine and theophylline, may also play a role. Caffeine is often an effective treatment for headaches for people who do not regularly consume caffeine, according to an article published in the May 2007 issue of the medical journal "Neurological Sciences."
Too Much Caffeine 

While occasional consumption of caffeine, in guarana tea or other forms, may be beneficial for headaches, frequent consumption of guarana tea may actual result in more headaches, warns the article in "Neurological Sciences." Long-term consumption of caffeine can lead to physical dependence, which causes withdrawal in the absence of caffeine. One of the common symptoms of caffeine withdrawal is headache, sometimes chronic headaches.
Article reviewed by Tina Boyle Last updated on: Sep 1, 2011  | By Matthew Busse


Herbalife Side Effects
Some people experience unpleasant side effects when using various Herbalife products. These are described and addressed in this article for your safety and well-being.

If you experience bloating, try changing the portion size to reduce this feeling. Enjoy healthy snacks during the day and smaller meals to assist your digestion. If you are using the shake mix as a meal replacement you may want to reduce the portion size or frequency. 
Dry Mouth:

Some people report that their mouth is dry after black or fruit tea. Detox products often produce thirst so you can try increasing your intake of water. Dryness from using the shakes can be caused by acid reflux since it contains guar gum and psyllium husk. These have expanding properties, which can cause reflux. Guar bean is high in protein and oil and guar gum is used worldwide in many beverages, foods and supplements. In significant quantities, guar gum dehydrates the body and can cause some serious side effects. However, it is regulated by the FDA who only permits extremely small quantities of it in food. Guar gum in the shake mix is used to emulsify or bind the particles and has been determined to be of insignificant quantities.
Heart Palpitations:

Palpitations may be from caffeine sensitivity. The tea does have caffeine in it so you could either stop using the tea or eventually you will get used to caffeine and the palpations should recede. The shake mix does not contain any caffeine.
In the nineties it was found that Ephedra caused increased heart rate and Herbalife discontinued using Ephedra in any of its products.
Upset Stomach, Headache and Fevers:

 In the first few days, many years of accumulated toxins and waste in the body begin to be expelled. Diarrhea, headaches, fever or nausea can arise.
These are temporary symptoms and will subside whether you continue the diet or not. The discomfort is not very common but happens to some people. Once you are detoxified you should feel great however. The body has toxins or free radicals surrounded by fat molecules, and when burning these fat molecules, the toxins are released into the bloodstream for elimination. They circulate through the body and are filtered out by the kidneys and liver. This can take up to 2 weeks. Areas where toxins and pollutants are expelled from the body can display reactions. You can first use a detoxification program to cleanse your system before starting the weight loss program if you wish.

Unpleasant-Smelling Urine or Perspiration:
 This is another possible reaction to the body cleansing that is not caused by the products, but the waste you are cleaning out. The products are working just as they should.
Allergic Reaction and Blocked Sinuses:
 People who are very allergic to fish need to know that some Herbalife products contain fish oil. See a medical specialist to determine if this is an allergic reaction. Sinuses are especially sensitive because they are soft tissue. Sinus irritations should clear in 1 to 3 weeks but if they get worse, discontinue using the product and consult a medical professional.
Beware of nutrient deficiency when losing weight. The Herbalife ShapeWorks program recommends that along with the 2 shakes and one healthy meal, you should add the Multivitamins and Cell Activator to ensure that you are getting enough nutrition. Cell Activator helps increase your nutrient absorption from food.

 Caffeine in green tea is not the same as in coffee. It is slower-acting and has a calmer quality. But if you feel too stimulated try half a cup instead of a whole cup for a while.
Swollen Legs:

 This might indicate an allergic reaction to an ingredient in the Herbalife products. Please show your doctor the product labels and ask his advice. It would be best to discontinue using the product until you know what the cause of your swelling is.
Stomach Acidity:

If you are using Cell-U-Loss, try discontinuing it and see if that reduces your symptoms. If so, then Cell-U-Loss is not for you. If acidity persists when you are not taking it, there is some other cause. Cell-U-Loss contains 3 ingredients which may be causing the acidity: Apple Cider Vinegar, Vitamin C and Iron. It also contains herbs that have diuretic properties such as couch grass and corn silk extract.
Total Control (the metabolism booster) carries a warning to not be used by the pregnant, lactating (or those that want to get pregnant). Rapid weight loss and stimulants during breastfeeding can release too many toxins into your blood stream and thus into your milk. This can cause a decrease in your milk supply and be unhealthy for your baby. Avoid the stimulants in Total Control and the Herbal Tea, which contain caffeine. Herbalife products have nutrition labels that show warnings to guide women who are pregnant, nursing or who may become pregnant.

These are the most commonly reported side-effects that happen when the body is de-toxifying. Redness, blotchy skin and irritation can arise. Your skin being the largest organ, has the most cells to repair and also discharges toxins. It takes about 2 weeks to cleanse the blood stream and during this time the departing toxins can be irritating. Exercise produces sweat and will release toxins that can irritate the skin. Herbal Aloe Soothing Gel can provide symptomatic relief.

Hair Loss or Breakage:
 Formula 1 Nutritional Shake Mix has been shown to improve skin, hair and nail growth. If you experience hair loss early in your weight loss program, this is because damaged cells are being repaired or replaced. When beginning a weight loss program, your body will target the most damaged cells. Hair usually has the oldest cells and is thus the first target for renewal. Hair soon becomes healthier than before so you need not worry about this.
General Detoxing Effects:
It is very well known that at the beginning of a diet or fast there may be some adverse side effects. These usually subside within a few weeks however. If you detoxify for a few days using plain water, fruit or vegetables you will also experience some side effects. When we have better nutrition, or when toxic substances such as coffee, tea, chocolate, tobacco, salt, and pepper are discontinued, amazing changes take place. Our bodies discard the lower grade materials and tissues to make room for newer, healthier ones.
Weight Gain:

 An ideal weight-loss rate is between 3 and 5 pounds per week. If you lose weight gradually and are getting proper nutrition, it will stay off. Moderate exercise like walking is necessary to get the fat burning process going. Adequate hydration (drinking water regularly) is essential to flush the toxins.
Do not try to stop any Herbalife side effects by taking drugs. Either let the healing take its natural course or stop using the product if you experience an allergic reaction.



The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is warning consumers to immediately stop using Hydroxycut products by Iovate Health Sciences Inc., of Oakville, Ontario and distributed by Iovate Health Sciences USA Inc. of Blasdell, N.Y. Some Hydroxycut products are associated with a number of serious liver injuries. Iovate has agreed to recall Hydroxycut products from the market.
Hydroxycut products are dietary supplements that are marketed for weight loss, as fat burners, as energy-enhancers, as low carb diet aids, and for water loss under the Iovate and MuscleTech brand names.
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Serious Health Risks

FDA has received 23 reports of serious health problems ranging from jaundice and elevated liver enzymes, an indicator of potential liver injury, to liver damage requiring liver transplant. One death due to liver failure has been reported to the FDA.
Liver injury, although rare, was reported by patients at the doses of Hydroxycut recommended on the bottle. Symptoms of liver injury include jaundice (yellowing of the skin or whites of the eyes) and brown urine. Other symptoms include nausea, vomiting, light-colored stools, excessive fatigue, weakness, stomach or abdominal pain, itching, and loss of appetite.
Other health problems reported include seizures; cardiovascular disorders; and rhabdomyolysis, a type of muscle damage that can lead to other serious health problems such as kidney failure.
FDA urges consumers to stop using Hydroxycut products in order to avoid any undue risk, says Linda Katz, M.D., interim chief medical officer of FDA's Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. "Adverse events are rare, but exist," Katz says. "Consumers should consult a physician or other health care professional if they are experiencing symptoms possibly associated with these products.

Recalled Products

The list of products being recalled by Iovate currently includes:
  • Hydroxycut Regular Rapid Release Caplets
  • Hydroxycut Caffeine-Free Rapid Release Caplets
  • Hydroxycut Hardcore Liquid Caplets
  • Hydroxycut Max Liquid Caplets
  • Hydroxycut Regular Drink Packets
  • Hydroxycut Caffeine-Free Drink Packets
  • Hydroxycut Hardcore Drink Packets (Ignition Stix)
  • Hydroxycut Max Drink Packets
  • Hydroxycut Liquid Shots
  • Hydroxycut Hardcore RTDs (Ready-to-Drink)
  • Hydroxycut Max Aqua Shed
  • Hydroxycut 24
  • Hydroxycut Carb Control
  • Hydroxycut Natural
Although FDA has not received reports of serious liver-related adverse reactions for all Hydroxycut products, Iovate has agreed to recall all the products listed above. Hydroxycut Cleanse and Hoodia products are not affected by the recall.
Consumers who have these products are advised to stop using them and to return them to the place of purchase. The agency has not yet determined which ingredients, dosages, or other health-related factors may be associated with risks related to these Hydroxycut products. The products contain a variety of ingredients and herbal extracts.
Health care professionals and consumers are encouraged to report serious adverse events (side effects) or product quality problems with the use of these products to FDA's MedWatch Adverse Event Reporting program online, by regular mail, fax or phone.
Online: Medwatch Reporting
Regular Mail: Use FDA postage paid form 3500 and mail to MedWatch, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20852-9787
Fax: 800-FDA-0178
Phone: 800-FDA-1088
FDA continues to investigate the potential relationship between Hydroxycut dietary supplements and liver injury or other potentially serious side effects
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This article appears on FDA's Consumer Update page, which features the latest on all FDA-regulated products.
Date Posted: May 1, 2009

Dietary Supplements & Liver Injury
A new study has linked a number of popular dietary supplements to adverse hepatic reactions including acute liver injury and other serious side effects. Significant injuries have been reported following the consumption of Herbalife and Hydroxycut products, green tea, supplements containing usnic acid and high contents of vitamin A, as well as in anabolic steroids and others. The side effects associated with these products vary widely from person to person, ranging from elevated serum liver enzymes to hepatic failure and even death.
Free Dietary Supplement Liver Injury Case Evaluation: If you or a loved one has suffered a serious liver injury after consuming dietary supplement products, you should contact our law firm immediately. You may be entitled to compensation by filing a lawsuit and we can help.

What’s the problem?

Over the past decade, the use of dietary supplements (DS) has become a major health trend in the United States and other affluent nations. Between 1999 and 2004, consumption of dietary supplements in the US doubled to nearly 20 percent of adults and upwards of 50 percent in certain subgroups such as among elderly, non-smoking females with higher education. This dramatic rise in popularity of dietary supplements can largely be attributed to an increased health conscious awareness and the desire to prevent diseases by optimal nutrition. As a result, the manufacturing and marketing of DS products has become a multibillion dollar business largely unregulated by the U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA).
In the United States, dietary supplements are expected to meet standards outlined in the Dietary Supplement and Health Education Act, which allows DS distribution without prior approval by the FDA. This controversial licensing practice does not ensure efficacy and safety in the same strict way as with the approval process of conventional drugs. The reckless approval of dietary supplements is made even more troubling by the fact that DS may harbor specific problems because of their complex composition, particularly with respect to quality aspects.
While a number of side effects associated with dietary supplements have been well documented, the issues at hand are still not clearly understood due to widespread and uncontrolled use, as well as by the under-reporting of side effects. Making matters worse, a low public awareness regarding the risk of DS products impedes their recognition as the causative agent in incidents of hepatoxicity. Consequently, statistics involving dietary supplement side effects are likely inaccurate and too low.

Dietary Supplement Liver Injury Case Study

A recent article published in the Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver has reviewed the current medical literature on liver injuries associated with dietary supplements in order to identify the mechanisms of injury and to increase public awareness of the risks posed by these popular products.
In February 2010, case reports on liver injury occurring following the consumption of dietary supplements published between 1990 and 2010 were searched in PubMed and EMBASE databases and critically reviewed. Products were considered dietary supplements if they were intended to be consumed to improve nutrition, lose weight, or to treat constipation. While hepatoxicity from DS has been addressed in previous case studies, there were few if any summaries devoted specifically to liver-related risks. The new article, which is titled ‘Review of liver injury associated with dietary supplements,’ reviewed a panel of best-selling dietary supplements that have been associated with acute liver injury.

Herbalife Liver Injury Side Effects

Herbalife sells a variety of dietary supplement products for weight control, nutrition, ‘well-being’ and cosmetics. In 2006, it was reported that the company generated $3.1 billion in profits via online marketing and independently operating sales agents.
Since 2007, there have been six published reports on liver damage following the consumption of Herbalife products. Cumulatively, the reports described 34 cases from five countries – Switzerland, Israel, Spain, Argentina and Iceland. The pattern of injury was mostly hepatocellular, but mixed and cholestatic enzyme patterns were also observed. Severity of side effects ranged from mild to severe hepatic damage, including cirrhosis and acute liver failure requiring liver transplantation.
It still remains unclear what might have caused the liver damage in these cases, as patients took up to 17 different Herbalife products at the same time, making it extremely difficult if not impossible to identify the critical compound(s). Moreover, speculations flew over potentially adultered Herbalife products after two patients demonstrated bacterial contamination as a possible explanation of liver injury. Herbalife has numerous manufacturing facilities worldwide, suggesting that contaminated products either intentionally added during the manufacturing process or accidentally contained in the unrefined raw products could have been responsible for the reports of hepatoxicity.

Green Tea (Camellia Sinensis)

Green tea is among the most popular dietary supplement drinks in the United States today. The first incidence of liver injury associated with green tea was reported in 1999, and since then, a rash of similar cases have been reported to regulatory agencies worldwide. In response, a number of green tea manufacturers have recalled their products from their respective markets.
The US Pharmacopeia performed a systemic review of all cases accessible from PubMed, EMBASE and various pharmacovigilance databases, and found a strong causal relationship between observed liver injuries and green tea consumption. The mode of toxicity derived from green tea still remains incompletely understood, but experimental studies have demonstrated both hepatoprotective as well as hepatotoxic properties.
‘Whether the risks from green tea consumption outweigh their benefits remains open, but current evidence as outlined above suggests a causal relationship between intake of green tea containing products and hepatoxicity.’

Hydroxycut Liver Injuries

Hydroxycut is designed to support weight loss, and is sold in powder, capsule, and tablet formulations. Several Hydroxycut drugs have recently been recalled by Lovate Health Sciences following a May 2009 warning issued by the FDA citing 23 reports of severe liver injury associated with the products. Lovate has been charged previously with several lawsuits for unfounded health claims.
Before 2009, Hydroxycut’s main ingredients included Garcinia cambogia, Gymnema sylvestre, chromium polynicotinate, caffeine and green tea. Published cases were recently reviewed and showed acute onset of liver injuries after several weeks of 

Hydroxycut intake.
Although its exact frequency remains unclear, hepatic injury secondary to consumption of dietary supplements like Herbalife, green tea and Hydroxycut is recognized. Apart from enhanced diagnostic measures, better regulatory steps to assure efficacy are required. Efforts of pharmacovigilance authorities and healthcare providers must act jointly to minimize risks and protect the public. Perhaps most importantly, consumers should develop a more critical attitude toward the expectations and hopes associated with dietary supplement use, and turn to measures for which safety data are known and efficacy is proven.

Do You Have a Dietary Supplement Liver Injury Lawsuit?

The Product Liability & Defective Drug Litigation Group at our law firm is an experienced team of trial lawyers that focus on the representation of plaintiffs in dietary supplement liver injury lawsuits. We are handling individual litigation nationwide and currently accepting new dietary supplement liver injury cases in all 50 states.

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What You Don’t Know About 

There are two comments bound to make any credible herbalist cringe. One is "It can't hurt me, it's all natural," and the other is "herbs don't have any side effects or interactions." Both are wrong. They can hurt you and they do have side effects and interactions.
Dangerous Herbs: Two good examples in this category are Ephedra and Blue Cohosh. Ephedra has often been used in weight loss products. It was once banned but seems to now be in some sort of grey area. The problem is that it could kill you. The substance in it is chemically similar to epinephrine, and it could cause a heart attack, amongst other things.

Blue cohosh is sometimes recommended to speed childbirth. The good news is that it can do just that. The bad news is that both mother and child could die before the baby is even born. Infants have been born having heart attacks because their mother took blue cohosh.
Cautionary Herbs: Some herbs may be effective, but the number of side effects, interactions or preparation methods makes herbalists nervous unless properly prepared. Cherry bark is great for stopping a cough, but it isn't something for those who don't know how to prepare it to work with. The principle that helps stop the cough is cyanide, and too much of that will kill you.

Licorice is another good example. The problem here are the side effects and interactions. The root is high in sugar, so it could cause problems in diabetics. It raises blood pressure, so it could cause problems for those with high blood pressure or heart disease. In fact, it can cause heart rhythm problems in healthy people.

GRAS: This acronym stands for "generally recognized as safe." While these herbs do have side effects and interactions, most people can take them safely. Chamomile, garlic, lemon balm and so forth are all on this list.

There are three ways herbs can have a major effect on your body. Knowing the herb and what these terms mean may help you make the right decision.
Interaction: This problem happens when two things are combined that react to each other. If you've ever done the "volcano" experiment, you've seen one outside your body. If you mix vinegar and baking soda, it will foam up. Some herbs do that inside the body, both with other herbs and with medications. While this is all right on occasion, most of the time interactions are not considered good things.
Side Effects: The main action of chamomile is to help calm a person down. One of the side effects is it makes that person sleepy. Another is that it could cause uterine contractions. These side effects can be a problem if you're driving somewhere or you're pregnant. That's what a side effect is; something other than the main reason you're taking the supplement.
Medical Conditions: Conditions such as diabetes, heart disease and immune function diseases can all react negatively to certain herbs. I've already mentioned licorice, which covers the first two. When it comes to the immune system, another popular herb is a problem. It is not advised to take Echinacea if you have any problem that affects that system.
Choosing the right supplement is not like picking out a new pair of shoes. Talk to your doctor, your pharmacist and if possible a qualified herbal practitioner. We may be able to help you find a supplement that is right for you and doesn't do you more harm than good.

Most popular sports supplement banned in Britain over fears it may have lethal side-effects

  • Jack3d is mainly bought over the internet although it has been available in some sports stores
  • It contains a stimulant called DMAA that could have lethal side-effects
By Daily Mail Reporter
A sports supplement popular with fitness fanatics has been banned in Britain because of fears it may have lethal side-effects.
The drink Jack3D contains a stimulant known as DMAA (dimethylamylamine) that has been linked to high blood pressure, headaches, vomiting, stroke and even a death.
The UK’s medicines watchdog MHRA (Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency) has ruled it is unlicensed and all other DMAA containing products need to be removed from the market to protect public safety.
The decision follows similar warnings around the world, including in the US and Australia where a man died after buying DMAA online. 
Jack3d is said to boost energy, concentration and metabolism. But DMAA, most commonly used as a workout aid or dietary supplement, can have a physiological effect on the body by narrowing the arteries and raising the heart rate, said the MHRA.
This has been linked to suspected adverse drug reactions worldwide, ranging from shortness of breath to heart attacks.
An MHRA spokesperson said: 'Jack3d is mainly bought over the internet although it is also available in sports stores specialising in work out products.
'If we find a shop selling it we will send them a written reminder asking them to remove it from their shelves. If they ignore this then our enforcement officers will move in and begin legal action.
'It is the most popular sports supplement in the UK because it is a stimulant that allows you to work out for longer.
'But it is for people who are really into their fitness. Your average person who goes to the gym once or twice a week is unlikely to have ever used it.'
The MHRA has already issued eight urgent notices instructing retailers to remove the product and any other DMAA containing products from sale.
The MHRA has recently taken action against a number of products presented as sports supplements that fall within the definition of a medicinal product because of the potent herbal ingredients they contained.
The chemical ingredient DMAA is also on the prohibited list of banned substances by the World Anti-Doping Agency and has been responsible for 137 doping violations worldwide. 
Jack3d is the most popular sports supplement in the UK because it is a stimulant that allows you to work out for longer

Jack3d is the most popular sports supplement in the UK because it is a stimulant that allows you to work out for longer
David Carter, manager of the MHRA’s Medicines Borderline Section, said: 'People need to be aware when choosing their sports supplements. These products may claim to increase performance but contain powerful ingredients which can have serious side effects.
'We recommend people only use approved products and speak to a qualified medical practitioner if they have any concerns about any supplements they may be taking.'
Relevant companies are advised to remove Jack3D from sale and to take similar action for other products containing DMAA, which is also known by many names including Methylhexanamine, Geranamine, Geranium oil and ‘Cranesbill’.
Graham Arthur, director of Legal at UK anti-doping, added: 'This is a significant step forward for all competitive athletes as methylhexaneamine (DMAA) is a banned substance ‘in-competition’ that frequently appears in over the counter and internet bought products but not clearly on the label.
'Athletes who use sports supplements need to choose reputable manufacturers who can justify their claims with scientific evidence, and have their products screened to minimise the risk of testing positive for a substance on the World Anti-Doping Agency’s Prohibited List.
'UK Anti-Doping continues to work closely with the MHRA to protect the health of athletes and to prevent doping in sport.'
Sport Supplement Side Effects
Apr 28, 2011 | By Jennifer Nall, M.S., R.D., L.D.

Sport Supplement Side Effects 
Sport Supplement Side Effects Photo Credit Background of supplements image by cxvalentina from
The use of supplements is common practice among athletes. Many believe taking supplements will improve performance. However, not all supplements are safe, and not all supplements have been proven effective. Supplements used by athletes include ephedra, caffeine, carnitine, and creatinine. It is important to consider the positive and negative impact of using supplements before you add them to your diet.

Ephedra is the name for any dietary supplement containing ephedra alkaloids. Althletes use ephedra for weight loss and increased energy, with the goal of enhancing their performance. There is much debate over the safety of this supplement, specifically what dosage is safe. The FDA banned ephedra fora number of years on the basis that the health and safety risks were too great.Currently there is a ban on the sale of high-dose ephedrine, but doses of 10 mg or less are legal. Reported side effects include headache, rapid heart rate, increased blood pressure, and insomnia. Strokes, heart attacks and death have also been reported.

Caffeine, which is most commonly found in sodas, coffee, and energy drinks, is used to provide energy and burn fat. The primary effects of caffeine occur in the central nervous system and include increased awareness and the perception of less effort used. Side effects include increased blood pressure, increased heart rate and insomnia. In addition, sudden withdraw of caffeine by a person who regularly includes it in his diet can result in headaches.

Carnitine is needed in the body for the transport of fatty acids to mitochondria to be used for energy. It is thought that carnitine use decreases muscle pain, increases endurance, promotes weight loss, and improves cardiac function. Despite these claims, more studies are needed to confirm the benefits and potential side-effects of carnitine supplementation.

Creatine is one of the most popular sports supplements. It is used in the form of phosphocreatine by the body as a source for muscle energy. Reported benefits include increased strength, endurance, and muscle gain. While supplementation may help improve strength over time, creatine ingestion often results in weight gain, which can negatively impact performance for runners and swimmers.

    "Sports Nutrition: A practice Manual for Professionals 4th edition; Marie Dunford, PhD, RD; 2006
    Food and Drug Administration: Final Rule Declaring Dietary Supplements 

Containing Ephedrine Alkaloids; 2000

Sport Supplement Side Effects
By Jonathan Lister, eHow Contributor
Sport Supplement Side Effects thumbnail  
Many ingredients of sports supplements have not been evaluated by the FDA

Sports supplements can help athletes build muscle and increase endurance as part of a workout regimen. These supplements can have varying side effects that can affect multiple systems of the body depending on the dosage and how often supplements are consumed. Young athletes are especially encouraged to consult with a doctor before beginning a sports supplement regimen.

Digestive Tract Effects

    Athletes using sports supplements take in more calories than with a traditional "three meals a day" diet. This increased caloric intake can have an adverse effect on your body's digestive tract. Diarrhea, stomach cramps and constipation can all be side effects of your body adjusting to the increased caloric intake. Most sports supplements are infused with soy protein, which can also cause digestive problems.

Hormone Imbalances

    According to the website Kid's Health, androstenedione, a form of "natural steroid" that the body breaks down into testosterone, can cause several adverse side effects in a developing teen or adult. Large doses can cause hormonal imbalances that lead to mood swings and depression and may stunt the growth of young athletes. Other symptoms can mimic anabolic steroid use such as hair loss, increased aggression and increased risk for certain forms of cancer and heart disease.

Cellular Damage

    Sports supplements taken by athletes to burn excess fat can cause cellular damage. According to the website Peak Performance Online, conjugated linoleic acid, a popular sports supplement, can cause oxidative stress, which damages the lining of cells during exercise. Other supplements such as creatine can cause increased stress on the liver and kidneys which leads to symptoms like increased urination, liver pain and damage to the lower abdominal tract, triggering excess gas and bloating

Could a protein milkshake hold back the ageing process?

            By Peta Bee |
 Whey protein is high in essential fatty acids and branch chain amino acids
A watery by-product of cheese-making might seem the most unlikely health tonic.
Yet whey, produced when milk is coagulated to make cheese, is being touted as hugely beneficial for a range of ills.
Whey powder — made when the liquid is commercially dried, and then mixed with milk or water to form a flavoured ‘milkshake’ — is currently hogging the limelight in the food supplement world, with promises it will help you lose weight, keep you mobile into older age, and result in a host of other benefits from a boosted immune system to cancer prevention.
It has traditionally been marketed to bodybuilders and is often seen in oversized tubs on the shelves of health food shops.
Now companies such as Maximuscle and the Good Whey Company are promoting it as a daily requirement not just for fitness addicts but for anyone — old and young — who wants healthy muscles and bones, and as an aid for weight loss.
The manufacturers say we begin to lose muscle mass with age — some even experience a decline from their mid-30s — and they claim sipping these whey shakes from middle age onwards can help keep us mobile into older life.
‘Exercise is crucial for creating and maintaining muscle, but feeding our muscles through a healthy diet is just as important,’ says promotional material from the Good Whey Company.
Indeed, whey is already the preferred dietary aid of the Hollywood set and many Olympic athletes. 
 Whey protein is high in essential fatty acids and branch chain amino acids
Scores of celebrity trainers are recommending it to enhance the effects of rigorous A-list workouts and the likes of Gwyneth Paltrow are consuming whey protein shakes as part of their detox regimens.
But is whey really such a cure-all?
Some experts warn that Britons already eat too much protein and the shakes are suitable only for those taking rigorous exercise.
Whey has long been reputed to hold health benefits.
Hippocrates, the Greek father of medicine, recommended it to his patients and fashionable medical spas in Switzerland prescribed it for its healing properties in the early 19th century.
Now, taking it has become much more straightforward.

The likes of Gwyneth Paltrow are consuming whey protein shakes as part of their detox regimens
Supplement makers transform whey liquid into one of three different forms of whey protein powder: whey isolate, whey concentrate and whey hydrolysate. 
These differ slightly in their composition, but all are low in fat and easily absorbed by the body.
Commercial products tend to contain a mixture of all three types and it is these extracted proteins that are reputed to have such potent effects on health.
Certainly, much of the emerging evidence into whey’s effects seems promising.
Whey protein is high in essential fatty acids and branch chain amino acids — compounds that evidence suggests may help the body to build or maintain lean tissue, as well as boosting fat-burning, and increasing the efficiency of the immune system.
A study conducted a couple of years ago at Washington State University found drinks that contained whey protein helped lower blood pressure significantly, reducing the risk of stroke and heart disease.
Susan Fluegel, a nutritional biochemist who led the study, found daily doses of a commonly available whey product brought more than a six-point reduction in blood pressure (in some cases the levels dropped from an elevated 140/85 to a healthy 123/78).
‘It’s low cost and whey protein has not been shown to be harmful in any way,’ Ms Fluegel said.
Others have shown it may play a role in cancer prevention.
When Ohio State University food scientists treated human prostate cells with whey protein, they found that cellular levels of glutathione, known to help control cancer-causing free radicals, increased by up to 64 per cent.
Although more studies need to be done to confirm the effects, the researchers suggested regular whey protein consumption could have similar effects.
Since human prostate tissue is particularly susceptible to oxidative stress, which produces free radicals, the presence of such high levels of glutathione could help to prevent the build-up of free radicals that are often associated with both cancer and heart disease, the researchers concluded.
Whey has also been shown in some studies to have a positive effect on blood sugar in diabetics.
And a study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition suggested it lowered levels of fat in the blood following a high-fat meal in overweight people, a factor that is implicated in a raised risk of heart disease.
When it comes to body-honing, whey protein can help boost muscle recovery after a workout — which can lead to an increase in muscle strength.
During exercise, muscle fibres undergo a cycle of breakdown followed by rebuilding and growth.
A study at McMaster University in Canada last year showed whey to be more effective than casein, another popular protein supplement, in boosting this process.
But the links with muscle tone and weight loss exist only when exercise is fairly intense and consistent and includes some resistance work (such as weight training), as well as aerobic work of a reasonable intensity (running or cycling with fast bursts).
Digesting protein in amounts that exceed your body’s needs will lead to weight gain.
And we already eat too much in the UK, with men typically getting 88g and women 64g of protein a day, above the recommended daily allowance (RDA) which is 55.5g for men aged 19-50 (53.3g for men aged over 50) and 45g for women aged 19-50 (46.5g for over-50s).
James Collins, the sports nutritionist for Arsenal football club and Team GB athletes, says extra whey protein can be useful for older people who are prone to loss of muscle mass through ageing — a condition called sarcopenia.
This usually starts at age 45 and results in a 1  per cent loss of muscle mass per year. But, he says, a daily dose of 25g of whey protein in supplement or shake form is all that’s needed.
‘Any more doesn’t increase protein synthesis or other benefits,’ he says.
Sports dietitian Jennifer Low, of the British Dietetic Association, says: ‘If you opt for whey protein shakes over and above your normal diet, then you will gain weight if you are not increasing the exercise you do.’
While whey protein powders are convenient, Ms Low says, you can get the benefits of whey protein from drinking milk — although you would have to consume the equivalent of 11 glasses to get the same amount of whey protein containing in one shake.
Ms Low adds: ‘Natural foods such as milk offer a complete health package of protective nutrients that you just don’t get in supplements.
'A 200ml glass of semi-skimmed milk contains 3.6  per cent protein and about 20  per cent of this is whey protein.
‘Unless you are exercising heavily, it’s unlikely you need  a supplement for the beneficial effects. Whey protein powder is not a magic fix.
‘Don’t make the mistake of drinking it thinking you will transform your shape by doing so.
'Losing weight and gaining muscle tone requires effort.
'Celebrities don’t look the way they do just by drinking a daily shake.’
A bill has been introduced to the Senate that would drive up the cost of dietary supplements and restrict your access to them. This bill seeks to give the FDA arbitrary control over what supplements you are allowed to have.This bill proposes to squander tax revenue, while burdening the private sector with oppressive laws that will hinder scientific advances and increase costs. The net effect will be to take away your free access to dietary supplements.Pharmaceutical interests are obviously behind this latest effort to legislatively force more Americans towards expensive prescription drugs and away from natural ways of preventing degenerative disease.

Please use our convenient legislative action center to e-mail your Senators and Representatives to protest against this dangerous piece of legislation.

(Note: This communication is not an attack on any elected official. Many Senators would have been deceived by pharmaceutical lobbyists, as you will soon read.)

The bill represents the kind of federal regulation that is not only ineffective, but also suffocates innovation in ways that inflict permanent damage to this nation’s economic vitality.

The bill supposedly originates from the controversy surrounding the use of steroids by Major League Baseball players. Since some unethical companies illegally sold steroid drugs as “dietary supplements,” certain members of the Senate appear to have been deceived into believing that the FDA needs to be given additional power to ban dietary supplements across the board.

The fact is that the FDA has all the legal authority it needs to remove supplements that contain illegal drugs from the market. The FDA has failed to do its job, and there are companies selling dietary supplements that contain prescription drugs. If the FDA continues to fail to do its job, then these companies will continue to sell drug-tainted supplements no matter what new laws are created by Congress.

The outrage over this bill expressed by so many supplement consumers is that it gives the FDA broad and arbitrary new powers to remove natural products from the marketplace. Since the FDA (and Congress) is dominated by large pharmaceutical interests, this bill will effectively enable drug companies to control which supplements you have access to.

You may recall the FDA’s ban last year of a more effective form of vitamin B6 (pyridoxamine) because a pharmaceutical company wants to have it approved as an expensive new prescription drug to treat diabetic kidney failure.

If this bill is passed, it will make it far easier for pharmaceutical companies to file use patents on what are now inexpensive dietary supplements and convert them into outrageously priced “drugs.” Just look at the cost of prescription drug fish oil that so many cardiologists are prescribing to their patients. It costs about seven times more than the same amount of EPA/DHA fish oil you can buy as a dietary supplement. Just imagine if the FDA was given arbitrary power to ban omega-3 dietary supplements!

In order to mislead the public about the true nature of this bill, it has been named the Dietary Supplement Safety Act of 2010 (DSSA). It purports to protect consumers, but the question arises, from what?

According to a published report by the American Association of Poison Control Centers, no one died in the year 2008 as a result of taking a dietary supplement.1 The facts are that legitimate reports of deaths caused by dietary supplements in this century are virtually non-existent.

Despite this safety track record, this bill would give the FDA authority to draw up a list of allowed and disallowed supplements (and supplement potencies). This alone would destroy your free access to supplements. But there is more.

There is no real world rationale for this legislation. Yet this bill would automatically cause any dietary supplement to be classified as “adulterated” if it is “manufactured, packaged, held, distributed, labeled or licensed by a dietary supplement company not registered with the Secretary.” The “Secretary” in this case is the Secretary of Health and Human Services, the department of the federal government that oversees the FDA.

The registration requirements would add layers of overhead costs to manufacturers who are already fully compliant with current Good Manufacturing Practices (cGMP) and are inspected by the FDA. It would also create an entire new category of taxpayer-funded bureaucrats who would oversee this hideous expansion of federal control over dietary supplement access.

The registration process would require paperwork to be submitted to the federal government for every new formulation, re-formulation, new ingredient, etc. The effect will be to take what are now low-cost natural supplements and force the paperwork requirements to be more closely aligned with those of unaffordable prescription drugs.

These burdensome registration requirements also mandate voluminous paperwork submissions for new ingredients that give the FDA more power to DENY the “approval” of a natural ingredient. This clause of the bill would further reduce the availability of new dietary supplements coming to the market…effectively giving pharmaceutical companies a monopoly over what new health products you are allowed to use. Any new products that make it to market will carry the higher cost associated with complying with this bill’s new obstructive mandates.

The FDA already requires manufacturers to maintain records of serious adverse reaction reports. This bill would require that all “non-serious adverse events” be submitted to the federal government. The problem is that when a large group of people take any product, there are always coincidental adverse reactions. This means that for any given product, the FDA can arbitrarily take the list of adverse reports submitted to it and use it as a basis to remove the product, even if there was not a single valid adverse reaction! Once again, pharmaceutical companies would be able, under the Freedom of Information Act, to gain access to coincidental reports of adverse reactions and petition the FDA to REMOVE the supplement from the market. (There are of course millions of cases of serious adverse reactions—including many deaths—on file with the FDA about the drugs they approve, but of course these drugs are virtually never withdrawn from the marketplace by the FDA.)

The FDA already has broad powers to remove dangerous products. This legislation would enable the FDA to ban anything if they have only “reasonable probability” that there is a serious problem with a product. This kind of discretionary authority gives the FDA tyrannical power to ban supplements, a power they have not hesitated to use when they’ve had it.

Recall that in the early 1990s, the FDA declared that many of the supplements used today, including CoQ10, selenium, and chromium, were inherently dangerous. The public’s revolt against the FDA’s absurd proclamation led to passage of the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA) of 1994. This is the law that protects consumers’ rights to access low-cost dietary supplements. The Dietary Supplement Safety Act (DSSA) would largely eviscerate the protections afforded by DSHEA.

Just imagine owning a pharmaceutical company and hearing from physicians that patients are refusing to take your expensive side effect-prone drugs. Instead you learn they are switching to low-cost dietary supplements that you cannot patent.

Since you control a large percentage of Congress, the logical solution is to have legislation enacted that will enable the FDA (that you also control) to remove supplements that compete with your drugs. That is exactly what the Dietary Supplement Safety Act of 2010 (DSSA) will accomplish if Big Pharma has its way.

The greatest economic challenge this country faces is how to deal with runaway disease care costs (they call it “health care” when it isn’t). What few understand is that there is no real medical cost crisis. Medical care is so expensive today because it has been so corruptly over-regulated. Disease care costs, in other words, are egregiously hyper-inflated compared to what their free market price would be.

FDA Failure, Deception and Abuse is the title of a new book that documents that disease care costs are a result of endless legislation passed by Congress that enables those in conventional medicine to earn obscene profits, while the nation’s economy collapses under the burden of outlandish prices for dangerous and minimally effective therapies.

The proposed Dietary Supplement Safety Act of 2010 is an egregious example of how this kind of insidious legislation comes into being, and how the public is deceived into thinking that Congress is seeking to “protect” them (in this case from nothing), when the real purpose of the legislation is to further enrich the entrenched drug cartel that long ago bought and paid for most of Congress and the FDA.

The Dietary Supplement Safety Act of 2010 is a blatant example of how Congress undermines free markets and decimates private sector innovation.

The encouraging news is that the numbers of dedicated supplement users are enormous.

As in the 1980s and 1990s, the majority of the public is strongly on our side. Your voice needs to be heard to usurp the predatory financial influence pharmaceutical companies wield over Congress.

1. Bronstein AC, Spyker DA, Cantilena LR Jr, Green JL, Rumack BH, Giffin SL. 2008 Annual Report of the American Association of Poison Control Centers’ National Poison Data System (NPDS): 26th Annual Report. Clinical Toxicology. 2009. 47, 911-1084.


DMAA Substance Linked To Potentially Fatal Side Effects!  See bottom of the post for all the possible variations or ingredients that contain DMAA.  For up-to-date information, visit the HPRC’s website and search for DMAA

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has ordered fitness supplement companies to immediately stop selling popular bodybuilding and weight-loss products containing DMAA, because of the substance’s potentially fatal side effects.

The agency has determined DMAA which is sold as 1,3-dimethylamylamine, methylhexanamine, or geranium extract is a synthetic substance that could cause heart attacks by elevating blood pressure in users. There have been 42 public complaints about products containing DMAA, indicating it might be linked to other serious health effects including nervous system and psychiatric disorders as well as death, the agency said Friday in a news release.

Products containing DMAA were pulled from military exchange store shelves in December. The substance has fallen under increasing scrutiny since Stars and Stripes reported that DMAA was found during toxicology tests of two soldiers who suffered heart attacks and died during physical training at a base in the Southwest U.S.

Be careful and if you are taking any pre-workout supplements, READ THE LABEL!

Here is a link to a list of the pre-workout substances that contain the banned DMAA substance.

A few of the more popular substances that contain DMAA Are:

    Jack3d by USPlabs
    OxyELITE  Pro – UPSlabs
    HydroxyStim by MuscleTech
    Matador Extreme Energy
    Muscle Spike
    NOX Pump – Dorian Yates Nutrition

In checking labels, you need to know that there are numerous terms/synonyms for DMAA. The most common ones are 1,3-dimethylamylamine; methylhexaneamine or MHA; dimethylpentylamine or DMP; 4-methylhexan-2-amine; Geranamine; and
geranium oil, extract, or stems and leaves. However, other names are also used, so we have compiled a list of various terms
that could appear on an ingredient label:

• 1,3-dimethylamylamine
• 1,3-dimethylpentylamine
• 2-amino-4-methylhexane
• 2-hexanamine,4-methyl-(9Cl)
• 4-methyl-2-hexanamine
• 4-methyl-2-hexylamine
• 4-methylhexan-2-amine (IUPAC)
• C7H17N (chemical formula)
• CAS 105-41-9
• dimethylamylamine (DMAA)
• dimethylpentylamine (DMP)
• Floradrene
• Forthan
• Forthane
• Fouramin
• Geranamine (Proviant™)
• GeranaX
• Geranium extract
• Geranium flower extract
• Geranium oil
• Geranium oil extract
• Geranium stems and leaves
• Metexaminum
• Methexaminum
• Methylhexanamine
• Methylhexaneamine (MHA)
• Pelargonium (various)
• Pentylamine
• synthetic geranium

Sneak Attack Launched on Health Supplement Industry

EDITOR'S NOTE: Fortunately, this attempt to limit food supplement access by creating cost-prohibitive regulations failed — even though slipped in at a time when most were not paying attention. This will not be the last time, however, as Codex Alimentarius (the global treaty that seeks to control all food production, packaging and marketing) requires that these laws be passed and enforced in the U.S.
Flying under the radar of many political pundits because it was introduced right before the Independence Day weekend, the Dietary Supplement Labeling Act of 2011 (S. 1310) is a harmless-sounding piece of legislation that could have had a devastating impact on your dietary supplements.

The bill essentially gives the FDA the power to create a black list of potentially harmful dietary ingredients. The FDA, an agency that has shown a bias against supplements throughout its history, could then use this power to arbitrarily require long warning labels on whichever supplement it chooses without being challenged by anyone.
Congressional Sneak Attack on Food SUpplements
Under the guise of safety, congressional leaders with a deep loyalty to the pharmaceutical industry, seek to limit consumer access to food supplements with new federal laws.
Sen. Dick Durbin, the Illinois Democrat who introduced the bill, wrote a Washington Times op-ed piece to say the bill is intended to address a labeling problem brought to light through the recent Lazy Cakes controversy. In late 2010, Lazy Cake brownies started appearing on grocery store shelves as a dessert, while being labeled as a dietary supplement. These brownies, wrapped in packaging that featured a sleepy cartoon brownie, were made with melatonin, a naturally produced hormone that helps the body fall asleep.

While melatonin can be bought over the counter in the United States, the normal dosage for an adult is less than half of what was present in the brownies. In the months following Lazy Cakes' release, several children who had eaten the brownies were rushed to the hospital because they had fallen into a deep sleep and could not be awakened.

According to Durbin, S. 1310 would protect consumers by warning them of dangerous ingredients in products like Lazy Cakes that market themselves as dietary supplements. But does Durbin’s bill address the Lazy Cakes problem, or is it about something more?

Fortunately, the FDA already has the power to ban Lazy Cakes as a dietary supplement, and, in fact, already has. In a letter written to Lazy Cakes manufacturer HBB, the FDA warned that Lazy Cakes are not eligible for dietary supplement protection and could be seized from store shelves.

Since the FDA already has the power to remove dangerous food from store shelves, even when sellers label the products as dietary supplements, Sen. Durbin’s bill only affects the dietary supplements that are GRAS (Generally Recognized as Safe by qualified experts under conditions of use). At best, the bill is redundant. At worst, it lays the groundwork for a full approval process for dietary supplements that would make them too expensive for most manufacturers to produce.


Banned Supplements – What’s Really Happening
Post date: 27.07.2011 12:20 AM
What's Your Reaction?Most of us rely on natural supplements and foods to rejuvenate our minds and bodies and strengthen our immune system. To imagine a life without these supplements seems rather drastic, but unless someone takes off the blinders that the FDA is wearing so stubbornly, this could well become a reality.
As shocking as it sounds, the FDA is on a banning spree, and they’re taking their cues from the EU. Number of natural supplements and traditional herbs such as St. John’s Wort and Valerian were recently banned in UK. The EU has also banned traditional Chinese and Indian medicines which are known to have some very good restorative properties and can cause no harm if taken in the right proportions.
If the FDA follows in the footsteps of its European counterpart, chances are that many natural supplements that we’ve been relying on heavily, especially those that were formulated after 1994, could well be shown the door.
What the FDA is doing
The story begins in 1994, when the FDA was forced to stop regulating dietary supplements by the government by the implementation of a law known as DSHEA. This law also required manufacturers of dietary supplements to inform the FDA whenever they used a new ingredient in their supplements. However, it was never quite clear how dietary supplement manufacturers were supposed to notify the FDA, and the New Dietary Ingredient (NDI) rules had remained an ignored subsection until recently.

The FDA has decided to implement NDI very recently, which effectively means that all dietary supplements with new ingredients since 1994 are no longer valid. Armed with the new implementation or enforcement of these old rules, the FDA stands poised to virtually destroy the natural and nutritional supplements industry.
Already banned or in the danger zone
Some natural supplements are already in the danger zone and are being touted by the FDA as unsafe. The FDA went as far as to seizing labels and threatening many companies with arrest. Some of the products that have been deemed unsafe by the FDA are:

    Probiotics – The FDA says that manufacturers of probiotics make false claims regarding treatment or control of possible health issues such as colds, flu, respiratory infections, ulcers, etc.
    Elderberry juice - According to the FDA, elderberry juice falls under the category of those supplements that wrongfully lead a person to avoid seeking legitimate treatment.
    Pyridoxamine - This common form of Vitamin B6 has already gone under the hammer in 2009.

According to the FDA, these nutritional supplements are harmful because they can interfere with other drugs that people might be taking. What probably irks most is the FDA’s assumption that it knows what’s best for the people. Do they really?
Why the FDA is banning supplements?
The answer is easy- money. If more people start using natural supplements, they will have better immunity, and fewer people will get sick. A healthy nation rings the death knell for pharmaceutical companies. By implementing this ban, the FDA is trying to ensure the survival of pharmaceutical companies at the risk of destroying the natural supplement industry. If you know even a little about big league drug companies, you know that they’re all about ‘curing’ diseases, and that no one really cares about ‘preventing’ them.
On the other hand, natural medicines, herbs, and supplements that are considered as alternative medicine actually cost way less than their chemical counterparts and have fewer or no side effects. However, the FDA has chosen to ignore this important aspect and has taken a strict stance toward natural remedies. In fact, they have started threatening companies selling natural products, seizing some of these products from manufacturers and threatening these practitioners with financial penalties and injunctions.
If you think this is a conspiracy theory, what would you say about the FDA already changing some of the NDI rules, wherein synthetic drugs do not need any notification or approval?
Yes, you heard that right. According to the FDA, drug companies that use synthetic copies of natural molecules are exempt from the whole rigmarole of reporting additions of new ingredients to their products. If this doesn’t sound like the selective enforcement of rules, then what does?

The FDA is Taking Action to Ban Natural Supplements

Greatest Threat Since FDA Tried to Turn
Nutrients into Prescription Drugs!
Listen to William Faloon discuss the FDA’s Latest Attempt to Ban your Dietary Supplements as recorded during the recent Life Extension Scientific Advisory Board meeting 

The FDA has just issued a proposed mandate that will enable the government to ban the most effective dietary supplements you are now taking.
If this proposal is enacted, many fish oil formulas and natural plant extracts will be removed from the market until so-called safety testing is done. The FDA wants each nutrient company to force-feed laboratory animals the human equivalent of up to 240,000 milligrams a day of certain fish oils. This outlandish dose will injure the test animals and give the FDA an excuse to outlaw the supplement.

How can the FDA do this? They are seeking to reclassify the natural supplements you now take as “food additives.” This gives the FDA power to mandate outrageous safety thresholds that have no relationship to the scientifically validated doses of nutrients you take every day.
Why are they doing this? Because these natural products work too well. Take curcumin as an example. It has been shown to inhibit a deadly transcription factor in cells called nuclear factor-kappa beta (NF-kB) that is responsible for immune system regulation. Over-expression of NF-kB is linked with tumor cells that resist normal cell growth and maturation, as well as inflammation.
Pharmaceutical companies want to own the exclusive rights to these kinds of plant extracts that are freely sold on the market today. They don’t want consumers to be able to obtain these biological benefits in low-cost supplements. Instead, they want to patent synthetic versions as high-priced prescription drugs!
What is being done to Stop This Travesty?

To give you an idea about how dangerous these draconian proposals are, Life Extension helped organize a conference call last week. Dozens of health freedom organizations participated and agreed to coordinate a massive consumer revolt.
The official start date of this uprising is Thursday, September 8, 2011, but you can take preliminary action today to thwart the FDA’s latest attempt to steal your supplements and make them the exclusive domain of Big Pharma.
We ask that you forward this e-mail to everyone you know so they can understand the precarious state their health will be in when the FDA bans their most effective dietary supplements.
Then, use our convenient website to e-mail letters to the White House, your Representative and two Senators by clicking on the links below:

Life Extension will keep you posted on these frightening developments, but please mark Thursday, September 8, 2011, on your calendar as the day when millions of health freedom activists will rise up in unity against FDA tyranny.
For longer life,

William Faloon
“Was the government to prescribe to us our medicine and diet, our bodies would be in such keeping as our souls are now.”

—Thomas Jefferson
Historical Perspective
For those who don’t recall, the federal government came very close to transforming high-potency supplements into prescription drugs in the 1970s.
The medical establishment lobbied so hard that it was a foregone conclusion that Congress would change the law and force Americans to obtain prescriptions for many of their supplements.

No one expected the consumer backlash that overwhelmed Congress into submission.
Vitamin users inundated Congress with so many protests that the Proxmire Vitamin Bill was enacted in 1976. This bill prohibited the FDA from turning dietary supplements into “drugs” as the American Medical Association was urging.
Annual vitamin sales were less than $2 billion in the 1970s, yet Congress received more mail from angry vitamin supplement users than any other issue except the Vietnam War.
Today, Americans use over $26 billion of dietary supplements each year, so you can imagine how many angry protests Congress will hear when the public learns the FDA is trying to ban every supplement introduced after October 15, 1994.
The FDA’s proposed guidelines represent the greatest threat to health freedom since the medical establishment tried to seize control over your right to ingest food supplements. Please take action today by contacting The White House and Congress today by clicking the buttons below.